How to Write a Paper

Instilling the whole life's study, understanding and knowledge into a single journal article is no way a simple task. Most research candidates flinch at this thought holding a notion that the task is nearly impossible. This challenging academic document does not call for the quality of a novelist into a researcher; it only seeks for accuracy, clarity and conciseness of the content.

For those who are new to scientific writing, we offer support with our useful tips and information about journal paper writing. The foremost part of the process deals with the understanding of critical aspects of journal style writing. Below, we address the major elements of journal paper preparation.

Fundamental Writing Considerations

Article Title

The title must possess the capability to lure the potential readers to notice and explore the research. Some recommendations regarding the title are:

  • Should attract reader's attention
  • Formally drafted to be published in a journal
  • Relevant to the theme of the study
  • Does not create false expectations
  • Should be specific and restricted on length
  • Should also include some keywords

A title of a research paper must be carefully written to answer the 'How', 'Why', and 'Where' of the study conducted. There is usually a common format adopted for preparing a title which can be described as:

Theme of Study

Research design + Target Population + Geographical area

1 Abstracts

Abstract is the brief context of the study that gets through the eyes of the readers. It is the deciding factor for them to choose to or not to read the detailed study. The readability and presence of concise description of the research are the key points of concern for an abstract. This 100-200 word document must:

  • Indicate the purpose and methodology of the study
  • Summarize the findings and their implications
  • Accurately reflect the research study
  • Begin with a brief theme of research
  • Be self-contained without abbreviations and incomplete references
  • Include keywords
  • Keep up with the acceptable word limit of the target journal

It must be kept in mind that abstracts are not an introduction, rather are the summary of the article. It is better to prepare an abstract, once the research writing is complete.

2 Keywords

Keywords are used essentially to ease the search for an article on the web. For quick and accurate search of a journal article, authors, editors and journal publishers must ensure to add keywords relevant to the study. The keyword terms may not be exactly used in the research, but it must reflect the idea of the article.

Many search engines follow certain algorithms for ranking online content and linking websites. One such way is through scanning a page for keywords. The number of other webpages linked to a website also affects its valuation.

For this reason, most journal publishers work to enhance the search engine ranking of their listed journal articles.

3 Acknowledgements

In scientific writing, it is essential to give due credit to the external authorities who have been approached for assistance during the research. These include the funding authorities, departments, and individuals for their financial and factual support. The briefly written note of thanks gives a formal introduction to the parties who contributed to the study.

Acknowledgements must be equipped with two essential elements:
  • Full name of the institutions and individuals
  • Brief statement of how they assisted or contributed to the research

Acknowledgements may also include a thanking message for permission granted for research. Acknowledgements are often misinterpreted as testimonials or a dedication of the work, but they are the simple statement of thanks.

4 Introduction

An introduction provides a glimpse to the readers of what is expected in the article. With grabbing attention, introduction must also effectively describe the study that makes it the toughest part to write. The key elements of an introduction are listed below.

  • Broad theme and topic of the study
  • Study's academic importance and relevance to the research domain
  • Summary and citation of existing literature appropriate to the current study
  • Inconsistencies and conflict of interests in the literature that the research article addresses
  • Clear indication of research problems, objectives, context of the study, and the units of analysis

Some other considerations for writing a journal paper are the authors' affiliation to the study, format and language of the content, special attention to the findings and results page, methodology for analysis, scientific paper guidelines, and peer review critiques.